Airplane trails spreading out into a canopy of haze over the Wigington residence near Mt. Shasta, CA.
Many ask how we can be certain that the lingering, persistent trails emitted from behind aircraft in our skies commonly referred to as ‘contrails’ or ‘contrail cirrus’ are actually composed of seeded engineered substances and particulates and are not merely the condensation of water vapor as ice crystals. In addition to the fact that the high bypass turbofan jet engine used on most commercial and military aircraft is almost incapable of creating contrails except under rare and extreme circumstances (a combination of extraordinary cold and anomalously high atmospheric humidity) and that we have up close pictures of retrofit nozzles located behind wing pylons pointed into the jetstream, plus footage of planes spraying at altitude turning on and off, we also have conducted extensive lab testing confirming the presence of materials listed in climate engineering / weather modification patents in the air and water.
Retrofit nozzles pointed into the jetstream of the engines and a trail being shut on and off.
A BRIEF BACKGROUND ON GEOENGINEERING:
Various ‘proposed’ geoengineering strategies. Reflective aerosols and cloud seeding are at the top of the list.
It is helpful to understand some background on the scientific discipline of geoengineering to understand the significance of the findings of our test results. Geoengineering is defined as the large-scale manipulation of the earth’s environment. Techniques known as Solar Radiation Management (SRM) or Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering (SAG) involve aircraft seeding large amounts of light scattering particles in the atmosphere with the intent of reflecting sunlight back into space, thus in theory cooling the planet by reducing the solar radiation that reaches earth’s surface via the aerosol masking effect (see: global dimming). The official stance is that geoengineering is just a proposal. However, the historical use of weather modification for both agricultural and military operations makes it clear that governments and those with power will use whatever means available to accomplish their objectives when it suits them. While it is understandable to approach such subject matters with skepticism, it is important to objectively examine all available data before writing it off as a ‘conspiracy theory’. Weather modification is absolutely still on the table and certainly still being used and developed further now.
‘Weather as a Force Multiplier’ is a 1996 document that exhaustively details the US military's strategies and reasons to engage in weather warfare by methods of cloud seeding and modification of the ionosphere (via HAARP). A must read for students and skeptics alike.
An enormous paper trail of government and military documents along with over one hundred weather modification patents confirm both the intent to affect weather systems by inducing artificial cloud forms and the technical development of technologies needed to do so. Various chemical compounds have been developed over the last century that have a range of effects on cloud formation and atmospheric albedo. Most ingredients listed in these patents are toxic, but of particular note is the inclusion of metals like Aluminum, Barium, and Strontium.
The 1966 patent US3274035 describes methods of using ‘hygroscopic (water absorbing) smoke’ composed of aluminum, barium, and strontium (among other elements) for weather ‘influencing’.
The ‘Eastlund’ or ‘HAARP’ patent US4686605 discusses an invention that beams electromagnetic radiation into the ionosphere for a variety of operations including weather modification. Notably, it mentions releasing large clouds of barium in the magnetosphere.
The ‘Welsbach’ patent US5003186 of 1991 is one of the better known ‘geoengineering’ patents, describing the seeding of aluminum oxide and ‘Welsbach-like materials’ into the earth’s stratosphere.
A 2009 report from the Council on Foriegn Relations discussing ‘emergency’ use of geoengineering to cool the planet.
Aluminum is both lightweight and highly reflective and thus suits the needs of geoengineers in their strategy to reflect light back into space by acting as an artificial dust layer in the atmosphere. The smaller the particulate the greater the surface area of reflection can be. Also, smaller particles stay aloft in the atmosphere longer than larger particles do, although they descend to the surface much faster than geoengineering proposals would lead one to believe. Aluminum’s conductivity (along with barium and other compounds) also enhances radio frequency (RF / EMF) operations. While the occasional weatherman will explain away radar anomalies as ‘chaff’ dispersions, the intent of geoengineers and those in power to use enormous amounts of aluminum oxide particles for ‘proposed’ geoengineering operations cannot be denied.
A 2014 report from The Royal Society of Chemistry outlining stratospheric aerosol geoengineering techniques.
After witnessing aircraft trails blocking out the sun over his off grid home and significantly reducing his solar power uptake, Dane Wigington, lead researcher for geoengineeringwatch.org, began to test precipitation that fell in his area to see if metals listed in geoengineering patents would show up. Rain water samples were sent to a state certified lab. The test results were positive for elements such as aluminum, barium, and strontium. Subsequent tests yielded higher concentrations of these metals. The unfortunate reality is that much of our rain is now highly toxic, not only from industrialized pollution, but also from apparent infusions of aerosolized metals in the airspace over our heads.
A rainwater test from the Mt. Shasta, CA region showing very high levels of aluminum after a lightning storm in 2008.
Unfortunately test results like these are far from anomalous. Similar results have also been found from other precipitation tests all over the globe.
Rainwater testing from all over California shows high levels of aluminum, barium and strontium. Tests can be downloaded here.
Rainwater tests from around the world also show high levels of metals including aluminum, barium, and strontium.
A letter and corresponding lab tests from a former US Forest Service scientist Francis Mangels regarding high levels of aluminum and other metals in snow, rain, and pond water with commentary on declining insect populations and a shift in water and soil PH towards alkaline which is an effect of aluminum oxide (not to be confused with aluminum sulfate which lowers PH).
HIGH ALTITUDE AIR PARTICULATE SAMPLING (EAST COAST):
Jet aircraft trails as seen on the morning of an east coast high altitude sampling mission.
In 2019 GeoengineeringWatch.org conducted aerial sampling missions to test the composition of jet aircraft trails at altitude to see if the same components found on the ground would also be present in the so-called ‘persistent contrails’ left behind airplanes. The full process of these missions and subsequent testing can be viewed in the geoengineeringwatch.org documentary ‘The Dimming’ (2021) . Our first two flights were conducted on the US east coast using a NOAA certified flying lab: a plane outfitted with air sampling equipment. Air quality samples were collected via a nozzle at the front of the plane. The sampled airstream was routed to a canister containing glass fiber filters used to capture particulates in the air column. Blank filters were used as control at the beginning and end of each flight. Numerous samples were taken below, within, and above the confluent layer of materials in the atmosphere that were left in the wake of aircraft.
The ‘snorkel’ sampling nozzle at the front of the NOAA flying lab.
Glass fiber filters were used to capture particulates fed to the canister by the hose and sampling nozzle.
Flying through the confluent layer created in the atmosphere by jet aircraft trails as seen from the ground. Sparkling glitter-like aberrations can be seen in the footage of this flight which are not attributable to reflections on glass from interior plane components.
ANALYSIS BY SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY (SEM)
The centers were cut from each glass fiber filter and placed face up on a turret of stubs for analysis inside a scanning electron microscope.
The glass fiber filters used during sampling flights were properly prepared in a clean room facility and then analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), a technique that allows for precise imaging of compounds by using a focused beam of electrons to scan the surface to create an image and reveal information about the atomic composition of the material scanned. The results were positive for aluminum and barium sulfate nanoparticles.
Glass fiber filter samples being placed into the scanning electron microscope.
Scanning a nanoparticle (bright spot, above) caught in the glass fiber filter mesh (detailed view below) that is showing a positive reading for barium (three descending to the right spikes toward the center, horizontal graph, top screen).
Scanning a larger flake aggregate particle (outlined at top) indicating a strong presence of aluminum (tall peak on the graph) within the aggregate.
SEM technician pointing to a small bright spot of aluminum within the flake.
The measurement of that particle is displaying a width of below 70 nanometers.
ANALYSIS BY TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
Preparing samples for further analysis by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).
The nanomaterials in these samples were then further confirmed by high resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). TEM not only allows one to determine particle size/morphology, but also the composition by using a technique called elemental dispersive spectroscopy. Again the results were confirmed positive for aluminum and barium sulfate nanoparticles.
Analyzing the samples in a scanning electron microscope.
Calibrating to the aluminum peak within this sample.
Transmission Electron Microscopy test results showing the presence of barium.
HIGH ALTITUDE AIR PARTICULATE SAMPLING (WEST COAST)
Flying through filthy ‘contrail’ material off the coast of California.
Later in 2019 particulate samples were taken off the coast of southern California using a Lear jet, which allowed for sampling directly from the air vents due to the fact that cabin pressure is fed by bleed air from the engines (air from directly outside the plane). There were two particle meters onboard, one that measured in the nanometer range and another in the PM 10 – PM 2.5 range, which is the normal size sampling range for respirable particle pollution. When passing through a layer of aircraft contrails the nanometer measuring device showed a high concentration of nanoparticles in that layer but relatively normal readings in the respirable particle range. Again, view ‘The Dimming’ (2021) documentary for a more comprehensive look into the sampling and testing processes.
A sampling wand is held up to the air vent measuring for nanoparticles (left) while being collected onto filters (right).
Nanoparticles were concentrated within the confluent layer of artificially induced clouds.
Conversely, respirable particles measured on the other meter did not spike, suggesting much higher concentrations of nanoparticles (and not other larger pollution particles) within the cloud-like layer of material left in the wake of aircraft.
Where do these materials come from? One such producer of metallic nanoparticle dispersions is the company American Elements. Surface coated Aluminum Oxide and Barium Sulfate nanoparticle dispersions are available for sale on their website.
A US Air Force study confirming the toxicity of aluminum nanoparticles.
It should go without saying that there is nothing normal or natural about breathing in metal nanoparticles, and, unsurprisingly, they are extremely toxic for all life forms. The main route of exposure is through breathing. Due to their extremely small size, once nanoparticles enter the nasal cavity they can migrate through the ethmoidal sinuses and olfactory nerve where they can reach the frontal lobe and cause recurring oxidative stress by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Nanoparticles have no barrier inside the body, meaning they can go anywhere. There are no natural defenses to materials of this size in the body, so unlike viruses or bacteria which the body can eventually clear, nanoparticles tend to bioaccumulate and cause ongoing damage by ROS. Aluminum in particular is the main cause of the explosion of Alzheimer's disease we see around the world. Bees are also being found packed full of aluminum and displaying dementia like behavior. The liability for the damages to our health and the environment is the primary reason why those pulling the strings of geoengineering activities will never openly admit to the fact that large-scale atmospheric experimentation is ongoing. However, the collective fallout of such experimentation and deployment is ours to endure as long as these operations continue to escalate under a veil of secrecy.
Metal nanoparticles lodge in the brain and cause neurological diseases.
More on the synergistic toxicity of aluminum with various metals and chemical compounds in our bodies:
A graph showing a high reading (Y-axis) in the UVC spectrum (X-axis) over a period of about 8 minutes (Z-axis). If no UVC was reaching the surface of the earth there would be nothing visible on this graph. Instead, alarmingly high levels of UVC are recorded.
Alongside atmospheric fallout of climate engineering elements, another good way to gain insight into the damage inflicted by aerosol dispersions in our skies is to test for the presence of UVC. We are officially told that no UVC reaches the earth’s surface because it is blocked by the ozone layer. If we had a functional ozone layer this would be true, however years of nuclear testing, rocket launches, industrial pollution, and geoengineering have significantly depleted our ozone layer, allowing higher levels of UVB and the much more damaging UVC to reach the surface. The ever increasing intensity of the sun is impossible not to notice, from the almost immediate feeling upon one’s skin to the scorched bark and burnt tree tops that are now commonplace almost everywhere.
Working with a former NASA contract engineer, GeoengineeringWatch.org has been able to monitor UVC on the surface using a spectral radiometer. The amounts of UVC documented are far above any safe limit. For a more complete breakdown of the testing process and related information watch our series ‘UVC: The Sterilization of Planet Earth’.
More information about the increase of UV radiation:
Plastic pollution is now everywhere on earth.
Micro and nano plastic particles are now ubiquitous across the globe, from the peak of Mount Everest to the depths of the Mariana trench. Certainly industrial plastic production and waste is a major factor in this devastating onslaught on the natural world, but what role might climate engineering play? When all the evidence is examined, intentional aerial dispersion of polymer filaments for geoengineering operations is a major suspect for the widespread nature of this contamination.
A weather modification patent utilizing aluminum oxide and polymer coated materials.
While most of the better known geoengineering patents don’t overemphasize the use of polymers as an ingredient, they are mentioned. The advantages of using small fibers to keep particles aloft in the air longer than metal particles on their own are obvious. However, just as plastic in the ocean acts as a magnet for pollutants, so too do micro and nanoplastics in the atmosphere act as floating rafts for fungal proliferation. In reality, we will never know the full ingredients of what is being sprayed above us as these are covert operations and many of these processes can be custom tailored to achieve a variance of effects. However, a constellation of various patents paints a picture that indicates development of the production of nanofibers for aerial dispersion.
The following patents were developed in 1998 – 2010 at the University of Akron, Ohio with government support under cooperative agreements awarded by the U.S. Army, U.S. Air Force, and the National Science Foundation. They describe a process of producing nanofibers by ‘drawing a viscous liquid or gel through a fine orifice.’ This material can include ‘native silk’ as found in the glands of animals and spider webs, or, more importantly, ‘the liquid or gel can include genetically engineered Silk-like Solutions.‘ Considering the cost and absurdity required to produce any significant volume of natural spider silk, a synthetic compound would be the most accessible option in most cases. And while these fibers could also be used for various textile purposes, the involvement of the Air Force in this development should act as a major indicator to their potential use for atmospheric purposes.
US 6,110,590 SYNTHETICALLY SPUN SILK NANOFIBERS AND A PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME
Much like a spider can be carried on the wind by use of their web, called ‘ballooning’, an engineered nanofiber particle as described in this patent would have the similar physical characteristics, including tensile strength.
US 6,382,526 B1– PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NANOFIBERS
This patent develops the process of nanofiber production further by enveloping the fiber stream in a ‘shroud gas’ which controls the cooling and formation of the fibers. Many have observed contrails that break apart and twist into segments a short time after exiting the aircraft. Is what we are seeing the dissolving of the ‘shroud gas’ which ‘controls the cooling rate, solvent evaporation rate of the fluid, or the rate chemical reactions occurring within the fluid’?
Another crucial development at this point is that ‘metal containing polymers can be spun into nanofibers and converted to ceramic fibers’. By this process aluminum could very easily be spun into the nanofibers being produced with this process. Given the long history of aluminum being used in climate and weather modification processes it’s not exactly a quantum leap to imagine it being used in this form. Suggested in the patent is to ‘employ gas streams that include molecules that serve to crosslink polymers’. ‘Once ejected from orifice, these strands solidify and form nanofibers. This solidification can occur by cooling, chemical reaction, coalescence, ionizing radiation or removal of solvent’. ` What's more is the interesting mention of ‘aerospace thermal management application’, and sensors with fast response times to changes in temperature and chemical environment’ in the listed potential uses of such carbon or polymer nanoparticles’.
US 6,520,425 B1 PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NANOFIBERS
This patent is a further development of the prior patent's invention, but allowing for ‘a mixture of nanofibers [to] be produced from the nozzles shown … In these embodiments, a plurality of gas tubes and supply tubes are concentrically positioned in an alternating manner such that a plurality of gas jet spaces are created.’ This development is essentially expanding the palette of an already immense variety of mixture options.
US 2010/0009267 A1 METAL OXIDE FIBERS AND NANOFIBERS, METHOD FOR MAKING SAME, AND USES THEREOF
Further down the line in 2010 the same University of Akron patented a process of incorporating metal oxides (including aluminum oxide) into nanofibers. While there are no explicit mentions of using these for climate engineering purposes, there are many curious mentions of ‘atmosphere’ ie ‘The atmosphere under which the thermal treatment occurs may be ambient atmosphere, an atmosphere enriched or depleted in various gases (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc.) and/or have a relative humidity between 0 and 100%.’ Also ‘The synthetic approach to these fibers has the potential of providing alumina fibers with interesting and enhanced catalytic and adsorbent properties, when compared to other alumina structures’. References to any sort of funding from the US Air Force or Army are also not included in this invention, however the abstract mentions ‘Such metal oxide nanofibers possess the ability to absorb and decompose chemical warfare agents and other toxic chemicals’. This seems to suggest their use in a warfare environment. In order to absorb chemical warfare agents these fibers would have to be dispersed into the area somehow, no? Perhaps by aircraft?
US 6,315,213 B1 – METHOD OF MODIFYING WEATHER
Of additional note is this 2000 patent US 6,315,213 B1 describing a process by which clouds are seeded with a type of aqueous cross-linked polymer (also mentioned above in the nanofiber production patents, though the polymers discussed in this earlier patent are larger in size) that absorbs precipitation and diminishes wind/storm intensity and rains down a gelatinous substance.
Charting a timeline from the Hughes Aircraft Company (later sold to Raytheon) ‘Welsbach patent’ US5003186 in 1990 discussing the seeding of aluminum oxide particles into the stratosphere, to the 1996 document ‘Weather as a Force Multiplier:Owning the Weather in 2025’ which goes into great detail on the importance of harnessing the forces of weather for strategic command and control, to the 1998-2010 US Air Force involved development of synthetically spun aluminum oxide-containing nanofibers detailed above, it becomes easier to view the ongoing development of nanofiber creation processes in the context of climate engineering.
See also: US Patent 2005/0180992 for ‘Viral Fibers’
A short (but by no means comprehensive) list of historical examples of atmospheric and biological testing:
1950 – Operation Sea Spray
1952 – 1953 – Operation Dew
1957- 1958 – OPERATION LAC (Large Area Coverage)
1960s – Project SHAD
1961 – Project West Ford
1962 – Operation Fishbowl
1950s – 1970s – Project MK NAOMI
Various reports of lab testing and atmospheric anomalies from other sources:
- In Oakville, Washington 6 times over 3 weeks, gelatine like substances drop from the sky, sickening the many in the town, killing dogs and cats. Testing revealed living biological organisms.
- In 1998 The state of Massachusetts finds unexplained aluminum
- Canadian journalist Will Thomas tests snowfall in Alberta, Canada. Barium and Aluminum were confirmed. He also mentions Ontario, Canada samples from 1999 were seven times higher than provincial permissible safety limits.
- Dave Dickie’s ‘World Landscapes; company performs contract landscape work for the City of Edmonton. Soil analysis came back with a high EC rating 4-7 (toxic). Other soil sources are rejected of course because they do not make any sense. City specifications call for a reading no higher than 1. A $33 lab test of snow samples collected in a sterilized container confirmed elevated levels of aluminum and barium.
- Norwest Labs lab report #336566 finds:
- * aluminum levels: 0.148 milligrams/litre
- * barium levels: 0.006 milligrams/litre.
- United Kingdom A report written by Mark Purdy and copyrighted by Elsevier Science Ltd.titled “Chronic barium intoxication disrupts sulphated proteoglycan synthesis: a hypothesis for the origins of multiple sclerosis” it is stated:
- The high levels of Ba stemmed from local quarrying for Ba ores and/or use of Ba in paper/foundry/welding/textile/oil and gas well related industries, as well as from the use of Ba as an atmospheric aerosol spray for enhancing/refracting the signaling of radio/radar waves along military jet flight paths, missile test ranges, etc.
- Bryan Holmes of Ontario, Canada tests his soil and has high levels of aluminum.
- Paul Moyers of KNBC does a story called ‘Toxic Skies’ about residents of San Bernardino California experiencing a cloud of yellow dust that left a sticky yellow slime. Professor Gregory Benford of UC Irvine discusses geoengineering and how one could use ‘barium oxide’ to ‘make big fluffy clouds and essentially control the climate.’ Rosalind Peterson is also interviewed and discusses the increase of aluminum and barium in soils and waters.
- Drinking water tests in California show barium and aluminum as well as other metals. “Unusual spikes were occurring in almost all drinking water sources in Mendocino County and in other counties throughout the State of California.”
- KSLA News publishes a report of a southwest Arkansas farmer’s rainwater test showing high levels of barium. The report also reveals prior biological testing on the American population, stating “239 populated areas were contaminated with biological agents between 1949 and 1969.”
- ‘The Phoenix Report’ shows elevated levels of metals in air particulate sampling, including aluminum and barium.
- A Bureau of Reclamation report on metal contamination impacts on delta smelt shows an excess of aluminum in some areas: 600 times the permitted level.
- A German report on the military conducting large scale climate modification.
- Australian water tests show very high levels of aluminum and barium.
- Residents of Mojave County, Arizona show elevated levels of Barium in their blood.